How Much Compensation Can I Claim For A Crane Accident?
By Stephen Hicks. Last Updated 21st July 2021. Welcome to our guide on crane accident claims. Cranes are a major part of the construction industry and are employed for a range of activities, including lifting machinery, equipment, and materials. Cranes are used extensively on large construction sites, and even small construction sites frequently need them.
Construction sites both large and small can contain many potential risks to employees. These include noise hazards, moving and falling objects, tripping hazards and potential electrical hazards. Any cranes present also represent a potential risk to on-site workers.
Despite modern safety standards and practices, cranes are potentially dangerous and pose potential risks to both the crane operators and other construction workers resulting in crane injuries and fatalities.
There is a wide range of accidents associated with cranes, but the more common are: contacting live power lines and other overhead crane injuries; dropping heavy items; crane toppling due to human error, crane imbalance and lifting over-heavy weights; and accidents caused by the swinging hook.
In almost every case, crane operator injuries and other crane accident accidents occur because of human negligence or a failure of the plant. Crane injury law sets out rules and regulations that are designed to eliminate or at least minimise all these risks.
For instance, prior to any work being carried out, risks to everyone on the site should be assessed through a formal risk assessment. All dangerous structures such as power lines should be identified and plans laid down to minimise the potential risk. All crane operators and people participating in the lifting operation must be fully trained, and other site workers should be trained in the risks associated with working close to a crane.
It is the ultimate responsibility of the employer that all cranes used on site are maintained in safe working order and are inspected regularly with proper maintenance schedules to protect the safety of all site workers and visitors. Failure to do so could result in serious charges, including corporate manslaughter.
If you have been injured by an accident involving a crane, you may well be able to claim compensation. If it can be shown that the accident was not entirely your fault and was due to plant failure or negligence, there is a good chance your claim will be successful.
We have produced this guide to help to understand the implications of crane injuries and how you can approach making a successful claim injury claim. We also cover the different types of injuries you may be able to claim for following a crane accident. We also look at potential compensation estimates which you could be offered for this type of claim. It is important to note that personal injury claims must be made within three years, but you should seek advice on making a claim as soon as possible.
For more information or to start your claim, please call 0800 073 8804.
Select a section:
- A guide to crane accident Claims.
- What is a crane accident?
- Have you been injured in a crane accident?
- What should you do if you have been injured in a crane accident?
- Can you sue for crane injuries death?
- Death due to a crane accident can I claim?
- What can I claim for after a crane accident injury?
- What to do if you have been involved in a crane accident?
- Can I claim if a family member has been in a fatal crane accident resulting in death?
- The long-term effects of a crane injury?
- Can I claim for PTSD after a crane accident?
- Who can claim for a crane accident injury?
- How Much Compensation Can I Claim for crane accident claims? (Updated April 2021)
- No win no fee crane accident compensation claims.
- Who can you sue for a fatal crane accident on the behalf of the deceased?
- Have you been injured whilst operating a mobile crane?
- What can I claim for in a fatal crane accident resulting in death?
- Crane accident statistics.
- What kinds of evidence do you need to make a crane accident claim?
- Examples of how crane accidents happen.
- How do crane accidents occur?
- How to start your crane accident claim.
- Why choose us for your crane accident claims service?
- Call for free advice and to start a claim.
- Crane accident claims- FAQs
Modern working practices and HSE (Health and Safety Executive) regulations have reduced crane accidents substantially, and fatal crane accidents are now quite rare, typically no more the one or two a year, but they still happen. As crane accidents involve heavy machinery and heavy loads when they do occur, they tend to be severe. While most crane-related injuries occur at construction sites, cranes are also employed in other hazardous environments such as oil rigs, shipping, and energy plants.
By law, employers must ensure that all the required safety measures are fully implemented to reduce danger and minimise the possibility of an accident. This applies not only to workers operating or being involved with the crane operation but all other workers on the site. Workers and site visitors must wear protective head and footwear along with high visibility jackets.
It is also the responsibility of the employer to ensure that the crane and all related equipment is mechanically sound and safe to use in its environment. There must be a regular maintenance programme in place, and the plant must be inspected on a regular basis. This might include weekly or even daily checks depending on circumstances.
Only fully trained and qualified workers should be allowed to operate the crane and to work on crane-related operations such as loading and unloading. All workers involved in the site and who work within the vicinity of the crane should receive adequate training and adhere to stipulated work practices.
Prior to any work commencing, it is the responsibility of the employer to ensure that a full safety assessment is carried out. This must take into consideration the environment, for instance, the wind level, ground condition, temperature, and so forth.
If your employer fails to any extent in any of these areas and, as a result, you are injured, then you entitled to claim compensation, and if it can be shown that your employer has in any way been negligent, you have a very high chance of winning your claim.
If you have received any crane injury, even if you are not sure that your employer is to blame, it is important that you report it to your employer as soon as you are able to do so. You should also speak to an expert in crane compensation claims who will be able to assess whether you have a strong case for making a claim. Ideally, you should do this at your earliest opportunity while everything is fresh in your mind, though even if the accident occurred some time ago, if you initiate your claim within three years of the accident, you are still entitled to claim compensation.
If you’d like to know more about crane accident claims, please read on or get in touch with our team to chat with someone about your claim today.
A crane accident is defined as any work-related accident that involves a crane of any kind. For instance, a mobile tower crane, a midsize large all-terrain crane, or a static crane. It might happen to a crane operator, members of the crew involved in loading and unloading the crane, other workers on the site who are injured by one of the heavy cranes or by a load being moved by the crane, site visitors and managers, and the public who might just be passing by the site.
There are many kinds of crane accidents. One of the most common yet sadly easily avoidable is a tower crane accident involving contact with overhead power lines. Here is a list of some of the more common crane accidents:
- Colliding with an overhead power line.
- Colliding with other high objects and buildings.
- The crane collapses.
- A crawler crane accident caused by two cranes colliding.
- The crane loses its load, which falls to the ground.
- The crane hook swings causing injury.
- The crane is unbalanced and topples.
- An attempt to lift Two heavy a load destabilises the crane.
- Mistakes are made while loading or unloading the crane.
- A sudden gust of wind destabilises the load.
- Ground subsidence or improperly supported crane.
This is by no means a comprehensive list of the accidents that can result in crane accident claims. If you’d like to know if your accident could be grounds for a claim, get in touch with our team today for free legal advice.
If you have been injured in a crane accident within the last three years, you may be entitled to compensation, particularly if the accident was at least partially due to plant failure or negligence by your employer or by a co-worker or manager. Even if you think the injury was your own fault, you might still be able to make a claim for contributory negligence.
If you have been injured in a crane accident, it is vitally important that you report it to your employer at the first available opportunity. Your employer must, by law, have an official procedure for reporting crane accidents, and you should ensure that you follow it explicitly.
You should also visit your doctor or A&E department as soon as you are able and ensure that the full details of the injury are entered into your medical records. If you attend A&E, you should also ensure you subsequently visit your GP. A problem with our overstretched A&E departments is that they often fail to record the full details of such injuries, so always back it up with a visit to your GP.
Keep detailed notes of the injury, how it happened, and the names and addresses of any witnesses. It is also worthwhile photographing the injury as soon as you are able, especially if there is severe bruising.
If you want to find out more about fatal crane accident claims, our next section will be of use to you.
According to the latest overhead crane injury statistics, crane injury deaths are now uncommon; with just one or two happening each year, they still do occur and often with devastating consequences to the victim’s family.
If your spouse, partner, or other close family member has died as the result of a crane accident, you are entitled to sue the employer if the crane injuries death was immediate or if death occurred days, weeks or months later.
Losing a close family member as the result of a crane accident is a devastating experience, and if the victim was an important breadwinner for the household, there are also likely to be severe financial consequences too.
Certainly, you can claim, and if the death was wholly or in part due to the negligence of the employer, your claim could be substantial. It is important that you contact a crane accident compensation solicitor as soon as possible to discuss your situation and assess how much you might be able to claim.
If you’d like more details about what can be included in crane accident claims, please read on to our next section.
If you have received a crane accident injury of any kind that was due at least in part to your employer or the actions or inactions of a co-worker or manager, you can claim compensation for any physical, emotional, or psychological damage, including:
- Pain and suffering.
- Short term disability.
- Long term disability.
- Nerve damage.
- Sprains and broken bones.
- Permanent damage or loss of limbs, including fingers and toes.
- Back injuries.
- Head injuries.
- Shoulder or neck injuries.
- Whiplash injuries.
- Repetitive strain injuries.
- Loss of sight or impaired vision in one or both eyes.
- Loss of earnings.
- Psychological problems because of the injury, such as PTSD.
Knowing what to do if you have been involved in a crane accident isn’t always obvious, and you might find different people offering different advice, which can get confusing. These are the most important actions you should take, and you should ensure that you carry them all out, preferably in order.
- Immediately report the injury to your line manager or foreman.
- Ensure that you receive immediate treatment for your injury. If it is minor, then your local first aid worker could assess the injury and apply first aid.
- If it is major and you require emergency treatment by paramedics, make sure that somebody informs your family or friends about your injury.
- Always get your injury checked over by your A&E department or by your GP. If you visit the A&E first, also get it checked over by your local GP as A&E departments won’t necessarily keep detailed medical notes on your injury.
- As soon as possible complete a full accident report at your workplace.
- Keep detailed notes on exactly how the accident happened and the names and addresses of any witnesses.
- Check if you are entitled to compensation by contacting an expert crane accidents compensation solicitor.
If you’d like to know more about the crane accident claims process, then get in touch with our team at the number to the top and bottom of this article for more information.
If a family member has died in a fatal crane accident, you may be able to claim compensation.
If you are the spouse or partner of the deceased, then you might be able to claim for both the pain of the bereavement, cost associated with the bereavement such as funeral expenses, and if the deceased was an important breadwinner in your household, you should be able to claim for the loss of their earnings over what would have remained of their lifetime.
We list the amounts you might be able to claim in another section.
Crane accident claims will take into account the prognosis of your injuries and any long-term effects you’re likely to encounter. As cranes are such a heavy plant and carry enormous loads, crane injuries are often severe and can result in long term trauma, both physical and mental.
At the worst end of the spectrum, brain injuries might result in a permanent coma, such as a persistent vegetative state. Fortunately, that is rare, though even less severe head and spinal injuries can lead to paralysis or partial paralysis.
Broken bones are a frequent result of crane injuries, and although broken bones do mend, often they leave behind some level of long term disability or pain. Certainly, it can take months or even years of physiotherapy to regain the movement and strength you had prior to the injury.
Recurring injuries can also be triggered by an initial crane injury. Typical of this are back injuries which never seem to quite go away.
Crane injuries can also have psychological effects, PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) being typical. This can result in nightmarish memories of the incident that can include a wide range of psychological effects such as depression, anxiety, and phobias.
You may think that crane accident claims can only cover the physical injuries you’ve suffered as a result of the accident. But this isn’t the case.
It isn’t unusual for crane accidents to cause PTSD, and if you are a victim of this, you should be able to claim compensation if the accident was the result of negligence by somebody other than you, for instance, your employer or co-worker.
PTSD can have a life devastating effect and may take years of therapy to recover, and the amount you are able to claim will take this into consideration.
If you are wondering, “can you sue for crane injuries?” any person who has sustained a crane accident injury that wasn’t entirely their fault can lodge a claim. It is essential that the cause of the injury was, to at least some extent, the result of negligence on the part of the employer or equipment failure, which also implies employer negligence as it is the responsibility of your employer to ensure all equipment is safe.
If you have followed the stipulated working practice, worn the proper safety gear, and followed instructions given by your boss, then you are likely to have a valid claim.
There are no set sums for damages for crane injuries; it all depends on how the court views your loss in terms of monetary loss, including loss of earnings and other costs; however, there are some official guidelines. Also, you should expect to be compensated for any pain and suffering you have endured. The court also has the power to impose punitive costs to your employer, which could vastly increase your total compensation.
If you are claiming compensation for the loss of a breadwinner, for instance, your spouse or partner, the court may take into consideration the loss of earnings potential over the breadwinner’s lifetime. Crane injury long term effects such as PTSD and loss of mobility are also covered.
Here we have provided some examples taken from real-life cases and official court guidelines. However, you might be entitled to considerably more than this, depending on circumstances. To an extent, this will depend on how effectively your solicitor presents your case.
The compensation brackets included in the table are based specifically on the latest Judicial College guidelines (JCG). The compensation amounts provided by these guidelines are based on the outcomes of past compensation claims. While working on your own potential crane accident claim, solicitors may use the compensation brackets provided by the JCG to help them work out the value of your injuries.
The compensation brackets should not be treated as a guarantee of a minimum or maximum compensation amount. However, they can at least give you some indication of the general amount of compensation you could receive, depending on the exact injuries you’re claiming for.
|Reason for compensation||Typical compensation awarded||Additional information|
|Fatal accident||£11,770 to £22,350||Full awareness for a short period and then fluctuating levels of consciousness for between four and five weeks, coupled with intrusive treatment and followed by death within a couple of weeks up to 3 months.|
|Brain damage- Very severe||£264,650 to £379,100||In these cases there will be little to no meaningful response to environment and a need for full-time nursing care.|
|Brain damage- Moderately severe||£205,580 to £264,650||Results in very serious disability, physical or cognitive, in the injured person.|
|Moderate brain damage-||£40,410 to £205,580||As above, with a reduced degree of dependence.|
|Face injury with permanent disfigurement||£13,970 to £34,480||Covers multiple fractures of facial bones and Le Fort fractures of frontal facial bones|
|Face injuries without permanent disfigurement||£1,600 to £2,370||Simple undisplaced fracture with full recovery.|
|Total blindness||In the region of £252,180||A complete loss of vision|
|Loss of sight in one eye with reduced vision in the remaining eye||£90,100 to £168,730||Where there is a serious risk of deterioration of the vision in the remaining eye|
|Loss of both arms||£225,960 to £281,520||Injuries such as this will reduce a person with full awareness to a state of considerable helplessness.|
|Loss of one arm||£90,250 to £128,710||Award depends on where amputation occurs|
|Loss of both hands or loss of use in both hands||£132,040 to £189,110||Hands will be extensively damaged, rendering them little more than useless.|
|Loss of a finger or thumb||Up to £85,170||Award depends on which fingers were lost and how the grip of the hand is affected.|
|Elbow injury resulting in no or only minor impairment||Up to £9,800||This applies if you still have almost all your original motion|
|Elbow injury with permanent impairment||£36,770 to £51,460||An injury of this nature will be severely disabling|
|Loss of both legs||£225,960 to £264,650||Where both legs are lost above the knee, or one leg above the knee at a high level and the other below.|
|Loss of one leg||Up to £129,010||Award will depend on whether the leg was amputated above or below the knee|
|Loss of two feet||£120,000 to £155,000||Treated similarly to a below-knee amputation of both legs due to the loss of the ankle joint.|
|Loss of one foot||£78,800 to £102,890||Treated similarly to a below-knee amputation of one leg due to the loss of the ankle joint.|
|Severe leg injury||£36,790 to £127,530||Award will depend on extent of injury and long-term prognosis|
|Vibration White Finger||Up to £36,060||Can happen to crane operators, though unusual|
|PTSD post traumatic stress disorder||Up to £94,470||This can occur several months after the event that triggered the disorder. The award will be decided based on how disabling the effects are on the injured person.|
Having looked at the amounts that could be awarded in crane accident claims, we’ll now look at making a claim for a crane accident on a No Win No Fee basis.
If you have sustained a crane injury because of the negligence of somebody else, the sensible route to take is a no win no fee crane accident claim. If your claim is successful, you will be covered for all financial losses, including loss of earnings and medical costs, and you will pay only an agreed percentage of your award towards your legal costs.
If, for any reason, your claim is unsuccessful, you will owe nothing at all. All costs will be borne by your solicitor.
For most people, a No Win No Fee compensation claim is their only chance of receiving proper compensation for their crane injury.
If you wish to sue for a fatal crane accident on behalf of the deceased, then you will sue the deceased’s employer. By law, all employers must carry insurance that will cover them for such claims, so even if the deceased worked for a small business, there should be funds available to pay out the claim.
If you have been injured whilst operating a mobile claim, you should consider who was at fault. If it was entirely your error, for instance, you didn’t follow the proper protocols, you broke the rules, or you were just negligent, then while you have our sympathies, unfortunately, it is unlikely that any claim would fail.
But, if the mobile crane accident was the result of somebody else’s negligence, then you might be able to claim compensation.
Fatal crane accidents are fortunately quite rare these days, but they do happen at the rate of one or two a year. If you are unfortunate enough to have lost a close family member in such an accident and the accident was the result of somebody other than the deceased’s negligence, you should be able to make a claim.
If you are claiming for bereavement, then you can claim from £12,980 to £300,000 or even higher with extras included. Plus many extras to be shared between close family members. But if the deceased was a breadwinner, then you can claim for their loss of potential earnings, which could be perhaps around £300,000. For more information on death compensation claims, visit this link.
To explore your options regarding crane accident claims, please speak to a crane accident compensation solicitor.
According to HSE statistics, there have been 40 fatal injuries to construction workers in 2019/20. Over the last five years, almost half of deaths in construction were related to falls from a height, which could be related to crane operation.
The graph below shows the accident kinds that have been most common in the construction industry over the last 3 years. Although there hasn’t been any evidence collected around crane injuries specifically, it’s possible that the categories “struck by moving object” and”falls from a height” could include some crane injuries.
For more information on the kinds of supporting evidence that is important in crane accident claims, please read on.
Each claim case is individual, and it’s important to check with your solicitor the specific evidence required for your specific circumstances, but usually, you will need proof of the accident, specifically:
- Photographic evidence of your injuries.
- Witness statements and/or CCTV footage.
- Information on your training prior to using or working with the crane.
- Receipts for all out of pocket expenses relating to the accident, for example, medications, transport, and medications.
- An account of how the accident has disrupted your normal life, for example, has your mobility been affected, are everyday activates more difficult to carry out.
- The crane topples or collapses.
- The crane hits an overhead power line.
- The crane loses part of all its load, which injures people positioned below.
- The moving crane load hits somebody.
- The accident is the result of mechanical failure.
- Mini crane accident results from two cranes colliding.
The Tower Crane Incidents Worldwide report published by HSE analysed major crane incidents and their contributory factors, leading to them being grouped into seven categories. They found that:
- 34% of incidents were related to erection, dismantling or extending of the crane.
- 18% of incidents were related to extreme weather conditions.
- 2% of incidents were associated with foundation issues.
- 5% of incidents related to mechanical or structural issues.
- 7% of incidents related to misuse.
- 1% of incidents related to electrical or control system issues.
- 33% of issues were related to unknown causes.
It isn’t just workers who lose their lives or receive serious injuries; passersby and bystanders are also injured or lose their lives due to accidents with overhead and mobile cranes.
For more information on the crane accident claims process, please call our team or read on to find out more.
Contact us today and get free legal advice you can either contact us via phone, Live chat, Contact form, or start your claim with our online button.
We have extensive experience in crane injury court cases resulting in substantial compensation for our clients. We are dedicated to ensuring that every client receives the best legal advice and representation available, no matter what their financial position might be. Client needs are the focus of all we do.
Rest assured that every aspect of your claim will be considered in detail and no stone will be left unturned. We will look at every angle to ensure you receive the best possible outcome for your claim.
Ultimately our goal is to seek the best settlement for each and every client, a goal that we continually achieve. Choosing us to represent your crane accident claim is an excellent decision you will be pleased you made.
Whether you wish to claim for a crane accident you sustained personally, or you are claiming on behalf of a family member, then the best way to start is to give us a call on 0800 073 8804. We will quickly assess your case and provide free legal advice on your next stage.
Be assured that no matter what the final outcome may be, you will never be out of pocket; any legal fees will be paid out as a fraction of your successful claim.
Fatal work injury statistics
Fatal injuries arising from accidents at work in Great Britain: Headline results 2019/20 – This link provides the latest figures on work-related fatal injuries. Although there is overall downward trend, during 2019/20 111 workers were killed. The link breaks this down into the main types of accident, all six of which could be caused by a crane accident.
LegalExpert.co.uk related links
How Much Compensation for An Accident at Work Claim? – this provides a detailed guide on the amount of compensation you might be entitled to for any specified work-related injury.
Concussion injury claims– This guide will help you with making a claim following concussion.
Defective work equipment claims– have you been injured because of defective work equipment? If so, this guide may be of use to you.
NHS bereavement help
Bereavement – coping with bereavement is one of the greatest challenges any of us have to endure and most of us need help to get through it. This link provides guidance on where we might find the help and support we need at such critical times.
NHS advice on PTSD
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) – work-related accidents such as crane injuries frequently result in PTSD. This link describes the typical PTSD symptoms and can help you tell if you are suffering from the condition and when you should seek medical advice.
What can be covered in a crane accident claim?
Crane accident claims will be made up of two heads of claim. General damages cover the pain and effect on your quality of life that your injuries have caused. Special damages cover you for any expenses you’ve incurred or financial loss you’ve experienced.
What are the most common kind of crane accidents?
The majority of the worldwide crane incidents which occured between 1985 and 2010 were related to the erection, dismantling and extending of the crane.
How long does a claim for compensation take?
This depends on the complexity of your case and the severity of your injuries. Simple claims may be settled within a few months, whereas more complicated claims may take much longer.
How long after an accident can I make a claim?
The time limit for making a personal injury claim after a crane accident is three years.
How do I claim compensation after an accident?
You are able to claim compensation without a solicitor’s representation, but having a personal injury solicitor with years of experience can make the process much smoother and maximise your compensation amount.
How much will I be owed for a crane accident?
This depends on how severe your injuries are and how you’ve been affected by them. Steer clear of using an online compensation calculator, as they often don’t collect enough information to give you an accurate estimate.
Can I make a crane accident claim if I was at fault?
No. In order for you to make a claim, someone needs to have neglected their duty of care to you in a way that resulted in you being injured.
Can I claim for a crane accident where I wasn’t hurt?
No. If you don’t have any injuries, compensation won’t be awarded following an accident even if you weren’t at fault.
What are the four main causes of crane accidents?
Potential causes of a crane accident include overturns, which can occur as a result of a crane imbalance and lifting over-heavy weights. Other possible causes include falls, mechanical failures and entanglement with power lines.
Thank you for reading our guide on crane accident claims.