How Much Compensation For A Rape Victim Claim?
By Stephen Frost. Last Updated 15th March 2022. In this guide, we will explain how to claim compensation for rape if you are unfortunate enough to be the victim of such a crime.
According to recent figures from 2021 by the Office of National Statistics, 1.6 million people aged 16 to 74 were raped or suffered attempted rape. The aftermath of sexual violence incidents such as rape can pervade the victim’s daily life in many different ways. Rape may cause physical injuries like bleeding, soreness, fractured bones and dislocation. It may also cause other lingering mental and psychological damages, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, low self-esteem, dissociation and shock.
If you have been a victim of rape or any form of sexual violence, our legal team can help you claim rape compensation.
If you have any questions about how to claim compensation in these circumstances, this guide will provide all the information you need. For any further questions, feel free to contact our team at any time.
Select a section:
- A guide to making a compensation claim for rape
- What is rape?
- Making rape claims that cause physical injuries
- Rape claims that lead to psychological damage
- How the criminal injuries compensation authority (CICA) works
- What does the criminal injuries compensation authority take into account?
- What is the time limit for making a CICA claim for rape?
- Rape and sexual assault facts and statistics
- Assessing how severe the physical and psychological damage caused by rape is
- What are the long-term physical and psychological effects following rape?
- What to do if you want to make a rape claim
- What can a victim of rape claim for?
- No win no fee rape claims
- How much can I claim as a victim of rape?
- How to start a rape claim
- Why choose us as your claims service for a rape claim
- Call for free advice and to start a claim
If you have been a victim of rape, you may be able to receive compensation for being attacked and sexually assaulted under the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme 2012. You may receive compensation for the physical and emotional injuries caused by the incident, as well as financial compensation for medical and rehabilitation expenses, losses of income and opportunities and any other losses you may have suffered as a result of the accident.
This legal guide gives a clear and straightforward explanation of how the rape victim compensation scheme might be useful. We will cover all relevant topics, including the legal definition of rape, general estimations of how much compensation rape claims could be worth, how to claim for physical and psychological damages caused by rape, and what to do if you need to make a rape claim.
Here at Legal Expert, we understand that every case is unique, and you may have your own personal questions after reading the guide. We are happy to offer you a free consultation session so that you can get answers to your questions. Please use the contact details in the final section to start your free session today.
As outlined in the Sexual Offences Act 2003, rape is a term used to describe any unlawful sexual intercourse. This includes penetration of a person’s vagina, anus or mouth using a sex organ, body parts or any other objects without the victim’s consent.
Rape is different from sexual assault. If someone touches you in a sexual way or forces you to perform any non-penetrative sexual acts against your will, this is regarded as sexual assault. For the incident to be legally considered rape, it has to involve penetration without consent.
Women are not the only victims of rape; men, women and children can be victims of rape and can be similarly entitled to claim compensation.
What should I do if I want to claim compensation for rape?
If you’re unsure how to claim rape compensation after suffering an assault, this guide will help you understand what steps you can take in order to do so.
Before you decide to seek compensation, there are many things to consider before going ahead with legal proceedings. You must ensure that the crime happened no more than 2 years ago and see that it was reported to the police. However, in certain circumstances, exceptions may be made. We have explored these in more detail further in our guide.
Once all of these considerations have been made, you should get in touch with one of our specialist advisors at Legal Expert for a consultation on your case. At this point, you can receive free legal advice on how best to proceed, including whether or not you have a valid claim and how much compensation for rape you could be entitled to. What’s more, they can connect you to our panel of specialist solicitors if you’d like to get legal help on a No Win No Fee basis.
Rape is usually forced and done violently. This level of force and violence can cause the victim to sustain physical injuries. Rape may lead to physical injuries such as genital injuries and soreness, vaginal or anal bleeding and infections, sexually transmitted diseases, cuts and bruises (especially around the pelvic area), abrasions and swelling around the genitals, beating and choking injuries and tears of the perineum (the tissue connecting the anus with the vagina). The physical effects of rape may show up immediately or, in some cases, become evident after a few weeks.
If you didn’t give consent for a person to have penetrative sex with you and you suffer from any physical injuries from rape, you might be able to claim damages from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA). This could help you pay for medical attention and cover the other costs of rehabilitation.
If you can identify the person who attacked you, it’s possible to claim compensation for rape from them, provided that they have enough assets to cover the damages. If they don’t have the means to cover any damages or you aren’t able to identify the attacker, you could make your claim through the CICA.
In some cases, you may be able to claim against a party that is vicariously liable for the actions of your assailant, for example, their employer. An example of an employer being vicariously liable might involve a headteacher of a school failing to carry out the necessary checks on teachers resulting in them hiring someone with a history of sexual assault.
Our expert legal team will let you know how (and against whom) to make your rape compensation claim after reviewing the facts of your case.
The psychological effects of an attack can be just as devastating as the physical effects. For most victims, the physical injuries may heal in time, but the psychological damages can remain for many years and beyond.
The psychological damages the victim may suffer from rape can include post-traumatic stress disorder, characterised by intense fear, feelings of helplessness, lack of trust, irritability, depression, violent flashbacks, mood swings, bitterness and lack of concentration.
Rape can lead to low self-esteem, dissociation, eating disorders, neurosis, sexual disorders, self-blame and self-hate and shame. Rape victims are also sometimes exposed to bullying, blame and rejection by members of the public. You may also miss out on several opportunities such as dating, friendship and social opportunities, due to lack of trust, inability to work due to depression and irritability and a lack of sleep due to psychological problems amongst other issues.
The adverse psychological effects of rape are one of the reasons why you should never pass on the opportunity to receive victims compensation payments.
The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) is an establishment set up and funded by the UK Government to handle compensation claims made by victims of mental or physical abuse.
The agency is sponsored by the Ministry of Justice and awards compensation to victims of violent crimes every year. The agency only awards victim support compensation amounts to victims of violent crimes who were not to blame for the incident, people who have sustained injuries resulting from the crime or whilst trying to prevent or protect themselves from the offence.
The CICA scheme may also award compensation to those who witnessed their loved one suffer a violent crime for the psychological impact it may have had on them.
The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) handles criminal injury compensation claims in the UK, covering the victim’s loss of earnings, medical bills, child and dependency payments, bereavement payments and other expenses related to the aftermath of a violent crime.
The CICA can award compensation to victims of rape and sexual assault, even if the guilty party has not been caught. The CICA considers the following factors when reviewing compensation applications:
- Whether or not the case was promptly reported to the police and any other prosecuting authority.
- Whether or not the victim sought medical care from a doctor or other medical professional for the injuries sustained.
- The nature and extent of the injuries.
- The circumstances surrounding the incident, mostly whether there was consent from the victim or not.
- Evidence of the crime, such as witnesses’ statements and psychiatric reports.
- Character and conduct (your behaviour before and after the incident).
- Your past criminal records.
- Cooperation with the CICA, the police, the criminal justice system, and all other relevant bodies.
The process of making a claim for rape from the CICA may seem complex, as the CICA has many procedures leading to the reviewing of cases and determining eligibility for compensation.
However, many of the forms and documents are obtainable on the website of the Ministry of Justice. Also, with experienced solicitors on your side, it becomes easier to plead your case and obtain compensation.
Our experienced solicitors will be able to guide you through the filing process. Call our team on the number above to find out how one of our solicitors could help you claim compensation for rape.
The time limit for making a claim for rape under the CICA is generally two (2) years from the date the incident was reported to the police. These time limits are stringent but exceptions could be made if you did not report the case or make your claim within this time frame.
As an adult making a CICA claim if you didn’t report the incident to the police straight away, the time limit could be extended provided you have an exceptional reason why you were unable to make a report to the police. For example, you may have lacked the mental capacity to do so as a result of the incident.
The same applies if you did report the incident to the police but didn’t make your claim within two years.
We understand that many victims of rape are usually hesitant to come forward and claim compensation for rape due to trauma and fear. Our team of legal experts understand how you feel, and we can offer you the necessary protection and the support you need to be able to claim rape compensation from the CICA without putting you through further stress.
For those interested in a potential claim, we have taken the time to include some relevant statistics and facts that could offer insight. As stated by Rape Crisis that there have been 74,995 people who accessed Rape Crisis Services in England and Wales between 2020-21. It was also estimated by Rape Crisis that:
- More than 1 in 5 women and 1 in 20 men have experienced rape or sexual assault as an adult.
- This equates to around 5 million women in England and Wales who have experienced rape or sexual assault.
These figures include attempts of rape as well as other forms of assault.
If you are interested in claiming compensation for rape, speaking to a solicitor today can make the process much, much easier.
Steps To Consider
If you or someone you love has been the victim of crime in the form of sexual offences, you may question whether there are steps you can take? The NHS has outlined some critical measures you should take into consideration.
Not every individual wishes to report a case of rape. However, visiting a medical professional is extremely important. A medical professional will ensure you are not at risk of various complications, such as
- Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDS).
- Wounds or damage – such as lacerations.
It is strongly advised to avoid washing or changing your clothes after the assault, as this may corrupt or destroy forensic evidence that could be used to identify the perpetrator. With Doctor-patient privileges, your circumstances are within your control. Therefore, if you do not wish to involve the police and pursue the case any further, that is well within your rights.
As it may be difficult to seek medical attention after rape, you may wish to visit a Rape and Sexual Assault Referral Centres that has experience helping people following these types of incidents.
One of the factors that may be considered by the CICA before giving a compensation award is the severity of the physical and psychological injuries you have suffered as a result of the sexual assault and how the injuries you sustained are likely to affect your finances and your life in general.
The CICA only pays compensation to people with the most severe injuries and to victims who have been affected by the most distressing crimes. They also make payments to people who have existing injuries which were made worse by sexual violence. Payments would also be made only for injuries valued above £1,000.
The CICS compensation scheme pays for three of the most severe injuries sustained. If you sustained more than one injury, the CICS pays 100% of the tariff amount for the most severe injury, 30% for the second most serious, and 15% for the third-highest. The scheme would not award payments for more than three injuries except in cases where the victim becomes pregnant, loses a foetus or contracts a sexually transmitted disease.
The CICA also pays for medically recognised and verifiable psychological injuries caused by rape. For temporary psychological trauma, victims receive payment of £1,000 (at most). Still, if the psychological damages are expected to last a lifetime, as verified by a physician, the victim may be able to receive more than £1,000. The CICA would only pay for the most severe psychological damages in cases where the victim suffers more than one injury.
A physician may have to perform a thorough medical examination and give an opinion on the extent and severity of the injuries you sustained from the incident. This medical report will be used as backup evidence when filing your claims.
Rape can have many of the most severe long-term effects on a victim when compared with other criminal injuries. Even if the rape doesn’t leave any physical effects, the psychological effects could be devastating.
Physically, rape may lead to unwanted pregnancies which may leave the victim with the burden of caring for a child they did not anticipate. It may lead to sexually transmitted diseases and uterine fibroids that may not be immediately noticed or diagnosed. Rape may also cause physical injuries that cause the victim to become dependent on other people for survival.
Regarding psychological issues, the long-term effects of rape could cause distrust, depression, withdrawal, dissociation and personality disorders that may negatively impact your ability to take up or retain certain jobs, start and hold social relationships or maintain a healthy self-esteem.
All of these physical effects can affect your ability to lead a normal and happy life in the future. You could eventually spend a lot of money on treatment and rehabilitation, and you may also lose life opportunities because of the attack.
The CICA takes all of these into consideration before awarding compensation for rape. If you have a good solicitor to help you file your claim, you may be able to get rape compensation for all potential physical or psychological damages you have suffered.
The way in which you handle the situation following an attack can determine whether you are eligible to make claims from the CICA or otherwise. If you have been raped, in addition to informing the police and seeking medical assistance as a priority, we recommend that you:
- Retain as Much Evidence as You Can: Don’t take off your clothes or take a shower immediately after the incident. This may destroy significant forensic evidence. Wait until you report the incident before doing this. It would be best if you also tried to write down everything you remember about the incident and your attacker.
- Report to Law Enforcement: You can visit your local police department to report the case or call the Rape Crisis helpline to report the incidence.
- Make a Formal Report: If you were raped within commercial premises such as a hotel, a school or business premises, ensure that you make a formal report to the management too.
- Visit a Medical Centre: You must visit a medical centre after a sexual assault. A medical professional would be able to examine you, collect all necessary forensic evidence and provide a professional statement on the impact and consequences of the assault.
- Document all Losses: Keep all receipts and evidence of financial expenses or losses suffered due to the assault.
The last but most crucial step is to engage a legal expert to help you file your claims with the CICA or against the perpetrator. This should be done as soon as possible, so as to avoid exceeding the 2-year legal time limit for making such claims.
The Criminal Injury Compensation Scheme (CICS) provides payment for different types of damages, including:
- Injury Payment: Injury payments are meant to cover the cost of treatment and inconveniences caused by the injuries you sustain from a rape incident. It provides payments for physical and mental injuries.
- Loss of Earnings: If your physical injuries or psychological injuries impair your ability to work or cause you to lose your job, you would also receive compensation for that as long as you can provide evidence to prove that you had an established work history as at the time of the incident and the incident was the direct cause of your loss of earning capability.
- Special Expenses: You can also claim for extraordinary expenses covering damage to your property, special equipment or physical aids to help you cope with physical injuries, adaptations to your home to improve your independence, funeral expenses and the costs of medical care, especially for physical and mentally incapacitated victims.
If you suffered any other specific injuries due to rape or sexual assault and wish to seek legal advice on criminal injury claims, you should talk to our legal team. We would be able to review your case and let you know if you are eligible for a claim and how you can win the highest possible compensation for rape.
After suffering a traumatic experience such as this, you must get the right legal advice and support while reducing your stress and allowing you time to recover in peace. To us, worrying about how to pay legal fees when you need to make a claim can only add undue anxiety to an already difficult situation. This is why we offer a ‘No Win No Fee’ rape claims service.
Our ‘No Win No Fee’ service is a Conditional Fee Agreement (CFA) that grants you the ability to pay for legal services only when you receive compensation from it. It merely means that you wouldn’t have to pay any fees if the claim is not successful. When the case is resolved and awarded compensation, we will take our costs from the final settlement amount.
Without looking into your case’s specific facts, we can only offer you an estimate of how much you can receive from the CICA for rape claims. The CICA, however, sets out a tariff for injuries as seen in the table below:
|Sexual Assault||Minor sexual physical acts over clothing with no penetration.||£1,000|
|Sexual Assault||Serious sexual physical acts under clothing with no penetration.||£2,000|
|Sexual Assault||That has resulted in serious internal bodily injuries.||£22,000|
|Sexual Assault||That has resulted in a severe, permanent and disabling mental illness which has been confirmed by psychiatric prognosis.||£27,000|
To receive specific evaluations of how much your claim is worth, discuss the matter with our legal team.
Alternatively, head to our CICA compensation calculator to find out how much you could be owed.
When you have decided to make your claim, you should use the contact details at the bottom of this page to start a free consultation session with us. You don’t have to pay any fees for this chat session; it merely helps us review your case’s facts and analyse the evidence you already have. We would also be able to advise you on other necessary steps you may have forgotten to take.
After the consultation session, we may arrange for an appointment with a local doctor and/or a forensic expert to provide a professional opinion on the extent and consequences of your injuries. This can help diagnose any long-term and latent issues following an attack.
Afterwards, we would begin your claims procedure and continue to update you and support you until you get your cheque. If you want to make a claim, having professional assistance can significantly improve the experience.
When you want to claim compensation for rape, it is crucial to have the right professional help on your side. In cases of criminal injury compensation, how long does it take is one of the critical issues. We want to make the process as quick, easy and as pain-free as possible for you. As such, we provide many advantages when compared to other law firms.
We understand your need for privacy and protection in sensitive cases such as this, and we assure you of utmost confidentiality, empathy and respect. Here at Legal Expert, we have both male and female solicitors on our team, in case you have any preferences, and all our experts are friendly, well-trained and of impeccable experience. We can offer a ‘No Win No Fee’ approach, a free legal consultation, and can arrange for an appointment with a local medical specialist.
We assure you of a friendly and satisfying experience when you choose our experienced physical and sexual abuse solicitors when making your rape compensation claim.
For the highest quality legal services available, there is only one law firm you need to call. We’re here to help you settle your compensation for rape claim. Call us on 0800 073 8804 for free legal advice or chat with us using the contact form or web chat facilities on our website. We’re ready to start your claim today.
Rape Crisis England and Wales – helpful information for women and girls who have been raped or have experienced any other form of sexual violence
NSPCC Non-contact sexual abuse involves non-touching, such as grooming, exploiting, and persuading children to perform sexual acts over the internet and flashing.
if you’ve been sexually abused, a term which includes rape, or know somebody who has, Childline is here to help.
If you’re the victim of rape or sexual assault, the police organisations are there to help. Call 999 to report a rape or attempted rape as soon as possible.
Information on sexual abuse and rape also finds out how you can support a friend and recognise the signs of abuse. Abuse includes domestic violence, rape and sexual assault.
Find out how much compensation you can claim for sexual abuse and get free legal advice from our experts.
This helpful guide explores seeking compensation for a child who experienced sexual abuse in a care home.
You can find out more by reading this guide.
Other Claims Guides
- Compensation For Assault
- CICA Calculator – Criminal Injuries Compensation
- How Much Compensation Can I Claim If I Have Suffered Child Abuse?
- Read this article to learn how you could claim historical abuse compensation.
Compensation For Rape FAQ
In this final section of our guide on claiming compensation for rape, we’ve addressed some frequently asked questions which are related to this topic:
Can You Claim Victim Compensation?
If you are the victim of a sexual offence such as rape, then you may be able to claim compensation for damages from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA). If an offender is convicted of committing a sexual offence against you, then they may be ordered by a court to pay you compensation. If, however, the criminal is unable to pay compensation or they cannot be identified, then you could still seek compensation from the CICA.
How Much Compensation Do You Get For Rape In The UK?
How much compensation you may receive if you are the victim of sexual assault can vary depending on whether you receive compensation through a court or the CICA. When claiming from the CICA, the organisation uses tariffs which set out specific compensation amounts. The amount you may be offered will depend on how many attacks and injuries you’ve experienced and how severe they are.
Can I Claim For Criminal Damage?
When claiming compensation from the CICA, you may be able to claim for certain costs, including property damage or loss of earnings, if they were directly caused by the crime you’re claiming for. Such damages may be claimed as ‘special expenses’.
If you would like to speak to an advisor about seeking compensation for rape, then you may choose to contact Legal Expert today using the contact details within this guide.