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What Is Maximum Award Recovered From The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority? (CICA)

How Much Compensation Could I Claim From The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority?

By Mark Ainsdale. Last Updated 19th April 2021. Welcome to our guide looking at the maximum award from the criminal injuries compensation authority. Were you injured as a blameless victim of violent crime? Did you know you could claim compensation from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) if you have suffered such injuries and that you could also claim compensation for associated expenses too?

Here at Legal Expert, we can help you fight for the maximum criminal injuries compensation for your case. This CICA maximum damages guide offers insight into such claims, answering questions such as “How much do CICA pay out as a maximum?”, “What could reduce my compensation payout?” and “Could I claim on behalf of someone else?” We also offer some information pertaining to CICA payouts for specific injuries, as well as what expenses could be covered by a CICA award.

If you would like to benefit from free advice on making a claim or would like some help with starting a claim, you can reach our expert advisors on 0800 073 8804.

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A Guide To The Maximum Criminal Injuries Compensation Payout

Criminal injury compensation awards guide

Criminal injury compensation awards guide

Being a victim of a violent crime could be stressful and frightening. Not only might you have to deal with physical or emotional harm, but you may also have to deal with the financial impact of your injuries, which could include earnings losses. Claiming compensation for financial hardship, mental and physical injuries could be useful to help you through this stressful situation, but what if you cannot claim compensation from the criminal themselves?

This is what the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority was set up for—to compensate victims of violent crime who could not be compensated in any other way. But what is the maximum CICA award, and how much compensation could be achievable for your injuries? Here, we explain how CICA claims work, the types of compensation that could be claimed, and how much this could add up to. We’ll also explain how we could help you fight for the maximum criminal injuries compensation for your claim.

What Is The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority?

A government-backed authority, the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority, or CICA, helps to compensate victims of violent crime for injuries and financial expenses they’ve incurred due to the crime. The Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme is administered by the CICA, who receive, assess and decide on the compensation that should be paid to victims on a case by case basis.

To claim through the CICA, you must have been harmed as a result of criminal activity. The incident must have been reported to the police for you to claim, and those eligible to claim, subject to eligibility checks, could include:

  • Those injured physically or mentally as a direct victim of crime.
  • Those witnessing a violent crime that have been emotionally impacted.
  • Those injured trying to stop violent crime.
  • Eligible dependents of a person who died due to a violent crime.
  • Parents claiming on behalf of child victims.
  • Those with authority to claim on behalf of a victim who cannot claim for themselves.

What Payments Could Be Made By The CICA?

Payments from the CICA could include:

  • Physical or mental injury caused by a violent crime. This could include a CICA award for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or mental health difficulties that have directly been caused by the criminal act.
  • Physical or sexual abuse.
  • Earning losses.
  • Expenses payments relating to physical aids and other costs.
  • Funeral payments.
  • Bereavement payments.
  • Dependency payments.

What Is The Hardship Fund?

Not every CICA claim is successful. If your injuries have been assessed and it has been deemed that they are not serious enough to be compensated for within a CICA claim, you could apply to the Hardship Fund. This is a fund that has been set up to help very low paid workers with temporary relief from financial hardship due to their inability to work because of injuries suffered in a violent crime.

What Are The Maximum And Minimum Tariffs Under The CICA?

As well as looking at the maximum award that could be recovered from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority, you may wish to know that there is also a minimum amount that could be claimed.

The minimum CICA award is £1,000. For cases below this, the Hardship Fund may be accessed.

In terms of the maximum award, according to the CICA, this is said to be £250,000, based on the tariff of injuries, with an upper limit of £500,000.

Maximum Compensation For Bereavement Under The CICA

You could receive a payment for bereavement if you have lost a civil partner, spouse, or another qualifying relative.

The maximum CICA award for bereavement is £11,000. However, if a claims officer can be satisfied that there is more than one party that could be eligible for such a payment, then the payout amount would be £5,500. In addition to this, a payment could be made to help with funeral expenses. This would, in most cases, be £2,500. However, a payment could be increased by up to another £2,500 should higher expenses be considered to be reasonable.

If you are a dependent of the deceased party, financially or physically, you may qualify for a dependency payment, which would be made in a lump sum payout at the rate of statutory sick pay, divided into equal portions for each qualifying party.

Compensation For Special Expenses Awarded Under The CICA

If you are wondering what the maximum criminal injuries compensation that could be appropriate for your case would be, it could be important to consider what special expenses you could claim for. As well as claiming from the CICA for psychological injury and physical injury, you may also be able to claim for some financial expenses that you have incurred because of the criminal injuries you’ve suffered. These could include:

  • Earning losses – If you have lost out on income because you haven’t been able to work due to your injuries, you may be able to claim compensation for this. We have provided more detail on loss of earnings awards in a separate section of this guide.
  • Physical aids – The maximum CICA award you receive could include compensation for a physical aid, if your injuries meant you needed one. You would not be able to claim for this if it could be provided by the NHS for free, however.
  • Property damage – If any of your property was damaged during the criminal act that caused your injuries, the cost of replacing the property might also be compensated for.
  • Adaptations to the home – If your injuries meant that you needed adaptations to continue living in your home after the injury, the costs for these adaptations could be compensated for within a CICA claim.
  • Care costs – It may also be possible for you to claim for care required to help with around the home, such as cooking and cleaning. You would only be able to include such costs within your claim if you could not get it free of charge from another source.

Other special expenses could include the costs for the appointment of someone to manage the affairs of someone who was mentally incapacitated or costs associated with setting up a trust.

It is vital to understand that any special expenses could only be claimed for if they were proved to be reasonable, were incurred as a direct result of criminal injuries, and if you could not get these costs covered in any other way, such as through the local authority, NHS, or the benefits system.

It is also vital that you keep proof of any costs or losses associated with your claim in order to claim the maximum CICA award for your claim. Receipts, payslips, bank statements and bills should be kept to one side so that they could be provided to your solicitor when required as part of your claim.

Could I Claim For Loss Of Earnings?

In order to be considered eligible to receive the maximum award from the CICA for loss of earnings, you would have had to be off work for over 28 weeks. In addition to this, you’d have to be able to prove that you were employed at the time you suffered the injuries and provide evidence of your work history over the previous 3 years. If for some reason you were not working for those three years, you would have to provide a reason why this was the case.

The CICA will work out the length of any payment, which would begin after 28 weeks of lost earnings by taking into account the date you are unable to take on any paid work, the date you would reach state pension age, and the expected date of the end of your life if the injury has shortened your life expectancy.

Your loss of earnings payout would be calculated based on the sick pay rate in force on the date your claim was decided.

When The CICA May Reduce Or Withhold An Award

There are various ways in which you may not receive the maximum criminal injuries compensation for your CICA claim. If, during the CICA assessment process the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority thinks you have not met certain criteria, they may reduce or withhold your award. Reasons for this could include:

  • Not reporting the incident or taking too long to report the incident – All incidents that relate to a claim should be reported to the police. If the incident has not been reported, the CICA would not be able to pay compensation. Payments may also be withheld if the incident was not reported to the police in a reasonably practical timeframe.
  • Not cooperating with the criminal justice system/police – While it is not a requirement for a person to be convicted in order for you to receive the maximum CICA award for your injuries, it is vital that you do everything that could be considered reasonably possible in order to help police catch the criminal in question.
  • Not cooperating with the CICA/Other bodies – When making a CICA claim, it is vital that you cooperate with the CICA and other relevant bodies. Reasons the CICA might reduce your award or withhold it may include:
    • You have not updated your address or contact details when they have changed.
    • You have repeatedly not responded to communications via email or post.
    • You haven’t informed CICA about something that might affect your claim.
    • You have exaggerated or falsified your injuries.
    • You haven’t attended an arranged medical examination for verification of your injuries.
  • Your conduct contributed or caused the incident – In order to assess whether you may or may not be entitled to the maximum criminal injuries compensation, the CICA may look at details of the incident to see if your behaviour was threatening, abusive, provoked the action, had a history of violence with the criminal in question, or were challenging someone over a previous incident. If so, they may look at reducing your award.
  • You had a criminal record – If you have a criminal record, any unspent convictions could be considered when assessing what CICA award you could receive. This would be assessed on a penalty points system.
  • You were not of good character – Evidence could be assessed relating to benefit fraud, tax evasion, association with criminal activity or illegal drugs, antisocial behaviour orders and reprimands and cautions, for example. The CICA could reduce your award based on the outcome of this assessment.

Can You Appeal If You Think The Award Is Too Low?

If you believe that the maximum award recovered from the Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority was not enough, you or your solicitor could ask for a review of the award. Your case would then usually be passed to a senior official who would review the application and advise whether the decision could be amended. It is worth mentioning that not only could a senior official increase your award, but they could also lower it. Therefore, making a strong case for review would be vital in ensuring that you receive the maximum award from the CICA possible for your claim. A personal injury solicitor could help with this.

How Do I Apply To The CICA For Compensation?

The CICA explains on their website that the scheme should be the last resort for claiming compensation for what has happened to you. If you can pursue compensation through another method, the CICA advise that you do so, exhausting all other options before turning to them. CICA may ask you to prove that you have considered the possibility of claiming from the criminal themselves, sought advice from your employer regarding insurance and applied for any benefits you might be entitled to.

You can, however, begin a claim with CICA while pursuing other claims. CICA may not decide on your case until such time as these other claims were concluded, and you should keep them informed of the progress of other claims.

In order to claim the maximum criminal injuries compensation possible for your case, you should ensure that you make your CICA claim as soon as possible. There is a criminal injury claims time limit of 2 years from the date of the incident for most cases, which is a year less than the usual personal injury claims time limit. There could be some exceptions to this, however, so it might be worth speaking to one of our advisors if you’re not sure how long you could have to claim.

While it is possible for you to launch a claim by yourself online, we believe that if you are looking to claim the maximum award from the CICA it may be easier to claim if you have assistance and support from a personal injury lawyer. This is something we could help you with. Not only could we assess your claim to see if you could have an option to claim from the perpetrator themselves, but we could also provide you with a solicitor to help fight for the maximum CICA award for your case.

Criminal Injuries Compensation Claims Calculator

Wanting to know how much compensation you could look to receive for your CICA claim could be considered only natural. There are lots of ways in which you could look for a rough estimate on the compensation you could receive, from a CICA calculator or a personal injury claims calculator to looking at examples of CICA payouts online. However, these would only ever give you a very rough idea. This is due to the fact that all claims are assessed on their own merits and their own specific set of facts. You would be required, as part of any claim, to undergo a medical assessment with an independent doctor who would review your medical notes, examine you where necessary and put together a report detailing your medical condition and future prognosis. This could then be used to value your compensation claim.

We realise it may be frustrating not to know how much compensation you could receive for your claim, so we have put together a table containing what the CICA tariff says could be appropriate for specific injuries that could relate to this type of claim.

InjuryTariff AwardNotes
Major Paralysis – Not due to brain damage£27,000 Hemiplegia (Sensory or motor function impairment) - mild
Major Paralysis – Not due to brain damage£55,000 Hemiplegia (Sensory or motor function impairment) - moderate
Major Paralysis – Not due to brain damage£110,000 Hemiplegia (Sensory or motor function impairment) - severe
Disabling mental injury£13,500 Lasting over 5 years but not considered to be permanent. Clinical psychologist/psychiatrist assessment and prognosis would be required.
Disabling mental injury£27,000 Permanent and seriously disabling. Clinical psychologist/psychiatrist assessment and prognosis would be required.
Scarring to face£11,000 Seriously disfiguring
Loss of sight£22,000 One eye
Fractured jaw bone£6,200 With an operation required, but where there is significant continuing disability.

If your injury doesn’t appear in the table above, then we could provide further guidance about CICA awards over the phone, so please do not hesitate to call us.

No Win, No Fee Criminal Injuries Compensation

If you are concerned about having to pay for legal assistance upfront to help fight for the maximum criminal injuries compensation possible for your case, you might be surprised to learn that if you make a No Win, No Fee claim with the assistance of a personal injury solicitor that works on this basis, you would not be required to pay your lawyer until such time as your claim had been successful in gaining you a compensation payout. 

At the start of a No Win, No Fee claim, you would sign a document known as a CFA or Conditional Fee Agreement. This agreement would promise to pay the solicitor a small success fee from your compensation payout. The success fee is legally capped too, so you would not have to be worried that a large proportion of your compensation would go to your lawyer. 

In the event that your personal injury lawyer was unable to get a compensation settlement for you, you wouldn’t have to pay the aforementioned success fee, nor would you be expected to cover the solicitor’s costs in pursuing your personal injury claim.

We understand you may have some questions about claiming in this manner. We could help to answer these over the phone, and we could even provide you with a personal injury solicitor that could help you with your case under a No Win, No Fee agreement. All you need to do is call us on 0800 073 8804.

Why Choose Our Team For A Criminal Injury Claim?

At Legal Expert, we have helped many claimants achieve the maximum award from the CICA possible for their claims. Not only do we offer free advice and eligibility checks for potential claimants, but we also provide criminal injury claims solicitors with the capability of fighting for the compensation you deserve.  We believe that no victim of crime should be restricted from claiming because of their financial situation, which is why the solicitors we work with could take your claim forward on a No Win, No Fee basis.

Our previous clients have attested to our quick, stress-free service and our commitment to providing advice, guidance and support that helps take the pain out of making a claim. We’d be glad to offer our services to you.

Start Your CICA Claim

It couldn’t be easier to begin your claim with Legal Expert. Our professional expert advisors are ready to help. You can reach us in several ways.

Call: 0800 073 8804

Email: info@legalexpert.co.uk

Use the Contact form

Or, chat directly with an advisor through our Live Chat Service.

However you prefer to get in touch, we’d be glad to support you.

Essential References

Government Guide To CICA – This is the government guide to claiming for criminal injuries.

CICA Tariff – You can read more about the amounts achievable for certain injuries within this CICA tariff.

CICA Annual Accounts – Here, you can see the accounts for the CICA for 2018/19

CICA Awards – Further Guidance – This guide goes into detail about making a claim for criminal injuries compensation for the likes of a brain injury.

Sexual Abuse Claims – For advice on making claims for sexual assault and/or sexual abuse, why not look at our informative guide.

How Much Compensation Can I Get For Assault? – This guide covers how much compensation could be achievable in an assault claim.

Maximum Criminal Injuries Compensation FAQs

How much compensation do you get for criminal injuries?

You should receive 100% of compensation for the first injury, 305 for the second injury and 15% for the third injury.

How long does criminal injuries compensation take?

The case generally takes between 12-18 months to reach a resolution.

Can I claim compensation for criminal damage?

You can claim compensation so long as you have sufficient proof of you being a victim of criminal damage.

How long do CICA take to pay out once accepted?

The claimant should receive their compensation within four weeks of the settlement being agreed upon.

Can you claim criminal injuries twice?

No, you cannot make a claim for the same criminal injuries two times.

Should I accept the first offer of compensation?

It’s advised not to do so, as the first offer is always smaller than the final offer.

How long does it take to receive an offer of compensation?

The first offer should come shortly after the intention to claim is stated.

What constitutes criminal damage?

This is anything which constitutes the unlawful damaging of property belonging to another person.

Written by Jeffries

Edited by Billing

Thank you for reading our guide about maximum criminal injuries compensation.

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